Bedbugs NYC uses the very latest in scientific approaches to the help people control the bed bug explosion in NYC. Working closely with researchers and entomologist we have access to the latest science in combatting the bed bug menace, more specifically helping to make your home free of bed bugs.

 

With a plethora of several approaches & techniques over several bed bug treatments in our maintenance plan, our dynamic bed bug solutions program enables us to have one of the highest success rates, even in the worst types of bed bug infestations. It is the knowledge and resources we have access to enabling us to have such a high satisfaction rate with our clients 99% satisfation. One of the main reasons we have such a high success rate is because we dont just utilize the most current bed bug approaches, but we also provide education and training for our clients. We found that the more education and training we give our clients, the higher the success rate is in the eradication of bed bugs. Better education means better results.

 


What are Bed Bugs?

Cimex lectularius is the entomological scientific name of what is commonly known as the Bed Bug, it got its name of bed bug from its habit of drinking the blood of humans (hematodipsia - blood drinking) sleeping in beds. Cimex Lectularius often seeks safe refuge during the daylight in the beds themselves, coming out at night just before the dawn hours to feed on human blood (hematophagia - eating blood). The Bed Bug is parasite with humans as the host, when bed bugs cant get to humans they will attack your pets! A protocol that keeps your pets away from bed bugs prevents their expansion in your home, so keep your pets away from the Bed Bugs! Ask us how!

Bed Bugs hide in the nookes, cracks, crannies & crevices during the daylight hours and then come out to feast on humans at night during the time you are in your deepest sleep which is just before the sun rises. Typically, bed bugs can be found around mattress seams, tufts, buttons, box springs, head boards and bed structure. The more elusive bed bugs are more frequently found hiding in nooks, crannies, cracks and crevices of art, moldings, window frames, wall hangings, furniture, floorboard cracks, baseboard spaces, dressers, drawers, closets, night stands, picture frames, books, paper work, curtains, luggage, clothes, boxes and even in places you might not even consider like the PHONE! They literally will hide anywhere possible! It is absolutely essential for you to get rid of that clutter, bag your luggage and seal it, check often for the tell tale signs, vacuum often to suck up those bed bugs and bed bug eggs and always turn furniture upside down for the best results in finding them or indications they may be present. Bed bugs have even been found hiding in lap tops, printers, plants and computer equipment - they will literally hide anywhere! Look around your room, they can hide anywhere!

Adult bed bugs are about 1/4th to 1/8th inch long and a blood colored reddish brown, with oval, flattened bodies. Bed Bugs are often mistaken for fleas, ticks and or baby cockroaches. The immature baby bed bugs called bed bug nymphs look like smaller versions of the adults and are translucent or lighter in color. Thank goodness Bed bugs can not fly, but they can run quickly over moldings, bedding, floors, art, walls, ceilings and other surfaces about the speed of an ant in flight mode.

Female bed bugs lay their transparent and translucent eggs in safe harbor areas, depositing as much as up to five a day and nearly 200 to 500 during a lifetime. The bed bug eggs are very tiny, whitish, and hard to see without prior knowledge of what they look like and some kind of magnification is necessary because individual bed bug eggs are about the size of 2 grains of salt. When the female bed bug first lays her eggs, the bed bug eggs are sticky, causing them to stick to where they are put. Newly hatched bed bug nymphs are no bigger than few grains of salt and they are born with an empty stomach starving for blood. Every time they feed, they molt which means they shed their skin and grow to a new size, they will feed and molt about five times over a 1 to 2 month period before reaching adult bed bug maturity where they will then reproduce and produce about 200 to 500 eggs. As you can surmise, one female bed bug can produce 500 more bed bugs and 500 bed bugs half of which are female or 250 can create another 500 each, doing the math one can see how in one year bed bugs can numerically explode to over a million bed bugs which are epidemic proportions. NYC right now has uncountable millions of these bed bugs surging across the five boroughs with Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens and Bronx having it the worst, staten island at least right now seems to have the least bed bug problems of the five boroughs. Least is a relative term though, as NYC on the whole is having a bed bugs epidemic right now.

 

Bed bugs need a blood meal (hematophagia or hematodipsia - blood eating or drinking) to get to their next stage through a molting or shedding of their skin - and will go through 5 or so molts when they finally reach reproductive adulthood. Under favorable summer temperatures and conditions (70 - 90° F), the bugs can complete its adult development in as little as one or two months, producing five or more generations per year. Cold temperatures or limited access to a human or pet blood meal slows down the development cycle of these hardy bed bugs who can go up to or beyond a year without eating. Bed bugs are very resilient and mutate quickly. Bed Bug Nymphs can survive months without feeding and the adults for more than a year making them very difficult to combat unless one uses a long term proactive maintenance program to control them. Bed Bug Infestations are unlikely to decrease just by leaving premises unoccupied, because they will wait patiently and will feed on stray animals, rats and rodents in the mean time if they have access to them. Although Cimex lectularius prefers feeding on humans, it will also bite other warm-blooded animals, including domestic pets or stray animals (like cats) - including NYC rats, mice and rodents.

 

Bed bug pheromones

The bed bugs’ very odd mating behaviour where the male pierces the females’ abdomen (traumatic insemination),induces high costs for the female, but would be lethal for a “mistaken” male partner. Do they have sex pheromones to signal their gender belonging? What do they use the alarm substances for, predator avoidance or something else?

Chemical signals are often looked upon as being “honest signals”, signalling mating status or species belonging. Signals could however also be used by males to manipulate females (i.e. marking pheromones). Moreover, chemical signals can be used by females to signal receptivity, i.e. to decrease unwanted harassment from males.

From the viewpoint of a pheromone researcher, the bed bug offers a unique chance of identifying and investigating odour communication in an insect where almost no prior work has been done.



Bed Bugs were not known as migratory insects in the past, but have adapted and now freely travel from room to room and apartment to apartment, with the potential to infest entire buildings in a short period of time. Because of the nature of this insect, it has become very difficult to completely eradicate infestations.

 

 

 

  • Feed exclusively on blood

  • Need to feed only once every one to two weeks, new adult bed bugs can live up to 6 to 12 months without a meal, some can last as long as 1.5 years without feeding if necessary. Bed Bug feeding time generally take 3 to 5 minutes. If you move while they are drinking, the bed bug will move to a new location on your body, sometimes causing bed bug inflamation tracts.
  • Bed Bugs Lay about 3 to 5 eggs each day they hatch in 8 to 10 days.

  • Generally Bed Bugs lay about 200 to 500 eggs in a lifetime

  • Between Bed Bug egg to Bed Bug Nymph to bed bug adult (bed bug adults can now reproduce) takes about 30 to 60 day
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    Bites and Concerns

    Bed bugs usually suck the blood of people at night just before dawn when people are in their deepest sleep. They feed by piercing the skin with an elongated syringe beak which they inject anesthesia (pain killer) and also anti-coagulant (prevents blood clotting) then they withdraw blood. Engorgement takes about three to five minutes, the person seldom knows they are being bitten because the bed bug injected local anesthesia and because the person is in a deep sleep. Symptoms and signs after feeding vary from individual to individual, but there is also evidence that some bed bugs may be mutating and evolving so that they are less likely to leave evidence making them harder to detect. Most people develop an itchy inflamed red welt, wheel or localized swelling, which sometimes appears a day or so after the bite. Others have little or no reaction, which makes detection more difficult and could be because some bed bugs have evolved to leave no evidence, while some people do not react to having their blood sucked. Unlike flea bites, which occur mainly around the ankles, bed bugs feed on any bare skin exposed while sleeping including genitals, face, head, chest, neck, fore arms, shoulders, thys and hands, you name it. The wheels, welts and itching are often attributed to other causes such as mosquitoes or skin diseases, some people spend thousands of dollars going to dermatologists who improperly diagnose this skin reactions because they look so similar to so many other skin reactions. For these reasons, infestations may go a long time unnoticed, and can become quite large before being properly detected - this is one of the main reasons why bed bugs are spreading across NYC so elusively.

    The possibility of bed bugs infestation increases if the affected individual has been traveling, or had acquired used beds or furnishings before symptoms started to appear. Bed bugs also are suspect if you wake up with itchy bites you did not have when you went to sleep.

     

     

    A common concern with bed bugs is whether they transmit diseases. Although bed bugs can harbor pathogens in their bodies, transmission to humans is highly unlikely. For this reason, they are not considered a serious disease threat. Their medical significance is mainly limited to the itching and inflammation from their bites. Antihistamines and corticosteroids may be prescribed to reduce allergic reactions, and antiseptic or antibiotic ointments to prevent infection. Infestations also may cause terror, anxiety, stress, embarrassment, emotional trauma, sleep depravation and psychosis.


    How do bed bugs invade a home?

    Because bed bugs readily hide in small crevices, they may accompany as stowaways on luggage, furniture, clothing, pillows, boxes, and other such objects when these are moved between apartments, homes and hotels. Used furniture, particularly bed frames and mattresses, are of greatest risk of harboring bed bugs and their eggs. Thus, one should carefully scrutinize and consider the history of any used furniture, particularly street items so plentiful at the beginning and end of each academic year or month in NYC when people move out. Because they readily survive for many months without feeding, bed bugs may already be present in apparently vacant and clean apartments. Bed bugs can wander between adjoining apartments through voids in walls and holes though which wires and pipes pass. In a few cases, bats and/or birds may introduce and maintain bed bugs and their close relatives bat bugs and bird bugs. Pest control personnel should be mindful of the presence of blood feeding insects and mites that may be left behind after removing nests or roosts of birds and bats in and on the home.

     

    What shouldn't you do?

    Don't panic. Although bed bugs can be annoying, they can be eradicated safely if you adopt a well thought out dynamic strategy.
    Do not apply pesticides. You are legally liable if you misapply a pesticide, or apply it without a license to the property of another including common spaces in apartment buildings. Generally, landlords, owners and building managers cannot legally apply pesticides. They should, instead, hire a licensed pest control operator to confirm the infestation and to develop an integrated pest management plan.


    Do not dispose of furniture that is useful. Infested furniture can be cleaned and treated. Placing infested furniture particularly mattresses and box springs into common areas or on the street may simply help spread bed bugs to the homes of other people who pick up the items. Infested furniture intended for disposal should be defaced to make it less attractive to other people. Officials in some municipalities affix to potentially infested furniture a label to warn of bed bugs. To reduce opportunities of infested furniture re-entering their building, building managers should ensure that any disposed furniture is locked within a dumpster or immediately carted away to a landfill or waste facility.

     

     


    Pre-treatment:

    The more preparation that is done, the more effective the treatment will be. Little to no preparation will result in poor control results. The effectiveness of the treatment will be apparent in the first few days, with longer term control taking several weeks or more (depending on pre-treatment preparations made and the level of the infestation.)

     



    How do I prepare for the bed bug treatment?

    1. Remove all bed linens, pillowcases, bed pads, curtains, clothing, and furniture dressings. Place in large bags and seal. Please do this in the same room where the bed bugs have been found so as not to possibly transport any bed bugs to another room. Wash in hot water temperature above 120 degrees, dry using the hottest dry cycle available, and then place in clean bags and seal. Remember never to place the clean clothing or bed sheets into used plastic bags, always use new plastic bags.


    2. Take the bed frame apart for inspection and treatment.


    3. Empty closets, bedside tables and bureau drawers for inspection and treatment. Place items in clean clear plastic bags and tightly knot the bags.


    4. Make room perimeter accessible for inspection and treatment.


    5. Remove pictures, clocks, posters and other wall hangings for inspection and treatment.


    6. Remove everything off the floor, especially in rooms where bed bugs are present or suspected.


    7. Make sure locked rooms and closets are left open for inspection and treatment.


    8. Remove all electrical outlet and light switch plates. Remove wall mounted lights if applicable. Reinstall 24 hours after completion of treatment.


    9. Please remember to lock up valuables and remove all breakables from all treatable areas.


    The greater the preparation, the more effective the treatment will be. Little to no preparation will result in poor control results. The effectiveness of the treatment will be apparent in the first few days, with longer term control taking several weeks or more (depending on pre-treatment preparations made and the level of the infestation.)


    Treatment and Control Procedures:


  • Upon arriving at the apartment the bed bug treatment starts with a thorough inspection treatment of the ROOMS TO BE TREATED. This will typically start with the bedroom(s), moving on to other rooms depending on what has been specified in the agreement.

  • Using a portable dry heat steam machine, the mattress and box spring will be treated to help insure the proper treatment for larvae.

  • The treatment continues with a Hepa-Vacuum treatment to the bedrooms, servicing individual components of the bed including the mattress, box spring, bed frames, headboard, end board, etc., than moving around to the edges of the bed continuing to the furniture around the bed, pictures in the bedroom, and the bedroom proper.

  • Each box spring void will be strategically injected with an approved dust insecticide after removing cheese cloth lament.

  • At the same time the Hepa-Vacuum is being performed, the service technician is also inspecting the bed components/bedroom for signs of bed bugs, i.e. live bed bugs, staining, droppings etc.

  • Once the Hepa-Vac treatment has been completed, the next phase of the detailed bed bug treatment begins. Critical to the treatment are detailed treatments to the components of the bed including the mattress, box spring, headboard, bed frame etc., continuing on to all areas of the bedroom including the cracks and crevices of bedroom furniture (especially the night tables), pictures, chest of drawers, etc. The service will also include treatment to the room perimeter, dusting of any cracks and crevices, lifting of carpeting, injection of wall voids, inspection/treatment along wall ceiling junctions, inspection/treatment of moldings, phone lines, wires etc. When this is complete, a detailed crack and crevice treatment will be done to the closets of the bedroom etc.

  • Associated with our standard service will consist of treating the voids via switch-boxes with insecticidal dust if made accessible by the customer.

  • Depending on the extent of the bed bug activity/infestation, adjacent rooms, hallways, etc. may also be treated as described above. It is critical that any/all sleep sofas and pull out beds be inspected and treated as needed. All easy chairs and furniture that is routinely occupied will be inspected & treated. The bed bug treatment is a “PROGRESSIVE ZONE TREATMENT TO ALL APPROPRIATE AREAS” (I.E. INSPECTING AND TREATING ALL CRACKS & CREVICES IN A 3 FOOT ZONE AT THE LOW, MEDIUM, AND HIGH LEVELS), ultimately working all the way around the apartment until you have circled around to where the treatment began, thus completing the inspection/treatment of all Cracks and Crevices throughout the Apartment.

  • After treatment of bedroom has been completed, the mattress and box spring will be fitted with protective encasements.